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ADVANCED CERTIFICATE IN CHILDREN’S VISION 2020 (ACO-ACCV)

Available from: 27/01/2020 - 28/02/2020

Where to publish:

Provider: Australian College of Optometry

Contact: Michelle Waugh, [E] cpd@aco.org.au, [P] 03 9349 7477

Learning Objectives

  • Discussion of course philosophy (+recommended readings ie Recommended readings for general development of children and ocular development)
  • Discussion of general expectations regarding assessments
  • A word on Critical Appraisal with respect to evolving knowledge in the field of pediatric optometry
  • Review the eye disorders in children and explain the importance of a public health approach in the provision of eye care for kids
  • List the parameters that may be considered normal in infants, pre-school age children and school age children
  • Discuss paediatric history
  • Explain how procedures may need modification when examining kids of different ages
  • Discuss how optometry operates within an interdisciplinary environment
  • Understand the relationship between the accommodative and the vergence system
  • Understand the procedures used to clinically test the accommodative and vergence systems
  • Understand and implement treatment options for the accommodative or vergence disorders identified clinically
  • Understand best evidence based practice of vision therapy for accommodative and vergence disorders.
  • Understand the management and treatments of common accommodative and vergence disorders
  • Understand the important factors in the control of accommodation and convergence
  • Assess phorias, functional ranges and near points of accommodation and convergence
  • Identifying common accommodative and vergence disorders
  • Diagnose and plan the management of the common accommodation and convergence disorders in children
  • Identify the signs and symptoms of accommodative/vergence disorders
  • Learn the key parameters that should be measured
  • Revise assessment techniques - especially the importance of free-space assessment diagnosis
  • Understand the relationship between accommodation and vergence
  • Diagnose the principal accommodative/vergence disorders
  • Treatment for convergence excess and accommodative excess
  • Treatment for accommodative insufficiency and convergence insufficiency
  • Treatment for accommodative infaciity and weakness
  • Management for accommodative spasm and accommodative paralysis
  • Management for divergence excess and divergence insufficiency
  • Vision Training Techniques - how and when to use Vision Training
  • Explain the origins and pathogenesis of amblyopia
  • Describe the forms of amblyopia
  • List neurological anomalies associated with amblyopia
  • Identify children who are at risk of amblyopia
  • Comprehensively assess amblyopia
  • Prescribe occulsion therapy for amblyopia
  • Explain the Pharmacological treatment of amblyopia
  • Develop personalised patient management regimens
  • Communicate with other professional to ensure that optimal health outcomes are possible
  • Contrast the approaches of managing amblyopia by patching and by the use of atropine
  • Explain the association between amblyopia and high hyperopia
  • Explain the conclusions of the binocular treatment for amblyopia using videogames (BRAVO)
  • Understand appropriate optometric motor and sensory testing of children with esotropia
  • Understand management of esotropia and with lenses and prisms.
  • Understand when ophthalmological referral is appropriate.
  • Manage infants and children who have undergone strabismus surgery.
  • Understand appropriate optometric motor and sensory testing of children with esotropia
  • Understand management of esotropia and with lenses and prisms.
  • Manage infants and children who have undergone strabismus surgery.
  • Understand the causes of incomitances in paediatric patients
  • Understand implications of these incomitances
  • Understand treatment objectives in relation to this
  • Understand clinical implications of sensory fusion and stereopsis and relationship to motor fusion.
  • Understand history of and clinical importance of anomalous correspondence and eccentric fixation
  • Understand treatment time frames and the impact of delay of treatment
  • Understand impact of amblyopia on fusion
  • Understand the causes of incomitances in paediatric patients
  • Understand implications of these incomitances
  • Understand treatment objectives in relation to this
  • Discuss the types of Childhood nystagmus
  • Discuss the differentiating features of different types of congenital nystagmus
  • Discuss treatment options for congenital nystagmus
  • Understand why "The Convergence Insufficiency Treatment Trial is an excellent case study of an "ideal evidence base"
  • Understand the neurological mechanisms of saccadic eye movements and the theory and evidence behind training these
  • Understand the principals behind designing an effective visual perceptual therapy program (VT)
  • Identify the main areas of visual perception investigated by optometrists and how this interlinks with areas assessed by other professionals
  • Explain the importance of appropriate visual development for achieving adequate levels of education
  • Be familiar with some of the primary assessments of Visual Perception commonly used and their benefits and limitations
  • Understand when vision therapy intervention is likely to be helpful (and when it is not)
  • Recognise developmental norms are important and a very brief overview of milestones
  • Define learning difficulties, prevalence etc, define dyslexia, define difficulties learning to read, or reading to learn etc
  • Understand optometric management within the sphere of learning related vision problems
  • Understand how acuity can affect learning and how much hyperopia/astigmatism can impede learning
  • Understand how strabismus/amblyopia can impede learning
  • Define intellectual disability
  • Understand how to manage special populations as well as things to watch out for with autistic patients, cerebral palsy, Down's syndrome, fragile X syndrome, ADHD and neurofibromatosis
  • 78 Discuss the essential need for the regular assessments of the ocular health of children
  • Identify diseases of the external eye, anterior segment, posterior segment and retrobulbar region
  • Explain the important considerations that should be borne in mind when managing hte paediatric glaucoma
  • Manage Patients who have undergone surgery for congenital cataracts
  • Outline the increasing epidemiology and burden of myopia across the world beteween now and 2050
  • Explain the burden of myopia in terms of risks of permanent vision impairment and blindness due to high myopia being associated with ocular disease, uncorrected refractive error and cost of care
  • Explain the aetiology and risk factors for myopia based on evidence from animal models and clinical trials
  • Outline the evidence for the myopia management strategies than can delay and slow progression of myopia falling under the categories of optical (spectacle and contact-lens based), pharmacologic
  • Use professional judgement combined with evidence based knowledge to apply myopia management strategies to clinical practice
  • Improve clinical skills practice and understanding of conditions through clinical placements

Max points awarded: 68.00

Session Information

Name
Online learning lectures
Activity Type
Independent Learning with Assessment
Therapeutic?
No
Manufacturer/Supplier?
No
Points for attending & Passing Assessment
30.00
Name
Supported Reading and Youtube videos
Activity Type
Independent Learning without Assessment
Therapeutic?
No
Manufacturer/Supplier?
No
Points for attending & Passing Assessment
13.00
Name
Clinical placements observing paediatric ophthalmologists
Activity Type
Independent Learning with Assessment
Therapeutic?
No
Manufacturer/Supplier?
No
Points for attending & Passing Assessment
10.00
Name
Clinical placements, case studies, logbook
Activity Type
Independent Learning with Assessment
Therapeutic?
No
Manufacturer/Supplier?
No
Points for attending & Passing Assessment
15.00